Alcohol Abuse DSM Raising Questions On Dependence And Abuse Of Alcohol

A large book that defines mental disorders the Diagnostics and Statistical Manual goes over hundreds of mental disorders decided on by groups of psychiatrists. Recently, drug and alcohol addiction problems were also added to this book with advice on how to treat these problems. Unfortunately much of the advice revolves around the disease theory and treating alcohol abuse with additional medications give to already addicted persons.

The medically community often uses the book to diagnose alcoholism, drug addiction and mental illness. Symptoms as well as medications are established in a voting setting by a group of doctors who also name the diseases. The alcohol abuse DSM has criteria’s for both alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence.

Alcohol Dependence vs Alcohol Abuse DSM Criteria

The alcohol abuse criteria for the DSM are as follows:

•    The use of the substance that reoccurs and results in failure from the user to fulfill obligations such as those with family, school or work.
•    Using alcohol in situation that is hazardous physically.
•    Legal problems associated with alcohol use.
•    Continued use of alcohol despite the problems that is causes one.

The criteria for alcohol dependence are a bit more complicated as is describes a more significant problem than the abuse of alcohol alone.

The alcohol dependence criteria for DSM are:
•    The development of an alcohol tolerance where a person has to drink more for the wanted effect or when they drink a small amount they feel no effect.
•    The development of alcohol withdrawal symptoms which means that the person becomes ill physically after they stop drinking. Some of these include shaking, headaches, nausea and vomiting, seizures and even death. The person feels they cannot stop drinking without experiencing withdrawal symptoms.
•    The person cannot stop drinking; they drink larger amount for much longer than they originally intended.
•    The person tries to cut down on their alcohol use but cannot and feels unsuccessful in these attempts.
•    Their live becomes consumed with alcohol use; getting alcohol and drinking it.
•    Social events are centered on the use of alcohol.
•    Even after alcohol has harmed and caused problems for the person, they continue to use it.

Reports from Brown University indicate that 10% of the population struggles with alcohol addiction. A higher percentage of males are alcoholics then females.

Alcohol Abuse Statistics

Alcohol is used by 50% of the population. Social drinking occurs often amongst many ager groups while others meet the alcohol abuse DSM for abuse and/or dependence. More than 23% of people binge drink and a little more than half are teenagers.

Rehabilitation centers see admissions for alcohol on a daily basis and most will not get treatment until 15 or more years after they have become dependent on the substance.

Narconon Meetings & Other Rehabilitation

The history of handling alcohol abuse started with the oldest form of rehabilitation, Alcoholics Anonymous. With the release of one book meetings began to form across the country with groups like NA and Alanon forming.

Later other treatment centers for alcohol were formed including residential treatment like Narconon that used Narconon meetings, outpatient programs and detox.

Statistics indicate that the most successful type of treatment for alcohol addiction is long-term residential care lasting a minimum of three months.

The Narconon program provides this type of treatment and has been helping alcoholics fully recover for 48 years. The program has a 76% success rate with patients and a 6 month guarantee.

Narconon does not necessarily use Narconon meetings but a program that drastically reduces physical cravings with a sauna program. The remainder of the treatment handles the emotional aspects of addiction and why a person starts drinking in the first place.

For more information on Narconon meetings or to get help for a loved one call 800-874-3197.

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