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What is Oxycontin?

Oxycontin (Oxycodone, Tylox, Percodan) is a narcotic pain reliever prescribed for moderate to severe pain. With opiate-like effects this drug should be handled with care. It is also known to be habit-forming.

Oxycodone is synthesized from thebaine. Like morphine and hydromorphone, Oxycodone is used as an analgesic. It is effective orally and is marketed alone in 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 mg controlled-release tablets (OxyContin), or 5 mg immediate-release capsules (OxyIR®), or in combination products with aspirin (Percodan®) or acetaminophen (Percocet®) for the relief of pain. All oxycodone products are in Schedule II. Oxycodone is abused orally or the tablets are crushed and sniffed or dissolved in water and injected. The use of oxycodone has increased significantly. In 1990, nearly three tons of Oxycodone were manufactured in the United States. In 2000, about 47 tons were manufactured

Oxycodone abuse has been a continuing problem in the United States since the early 1960's. In passing the Controlled Substances Act of 1970, Congress placed oxycodone in Schedule II (CII). In spite of its CII status, oxycodone continued to be abused. The abuse of a new sustained-release formulation of oxycodone, known as Oxycontin7, has escalated over the last year. Drug abuse treatment centers, law enforcement personnel, and health care professionals have reported a dramatic increase in the abuse of these sustained release products in Maine, Virginia, West Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky and Maryland. Recently, abuse has spread to other states such as Pennsylvania and Florida. The estimated number of emergency department (ED) episodes involving oxycodone were stable from 1990 through 1996. However, the number of ED episodes more than trippled from 1996 to 2000: 3,190 episodes in 1996 to 10,825 in 2000.

What are the effects of Oxycontin?

Living a drug-free life is a luxury many pain sufferers no longer consider possible, especially when the drugs are performing their magic. These users are depending on their medication to relieve the pain and sooth the mind. Similar to morphine, Oxycontin offers just that.

Unfortunately when the wondrous effects start to wear off, the dosage often gets increased. This leads to a devastating dependency. In that case Oxycontin addiction treatment may be the best option to get the addict’s life back on track.

What should I do if I am addicted to Oxycontin?

The first step in addiction recovery is to realize there is a problem. Once that has been established, it is time to seek professional help at Narconon Vista Bay. Defeating an addiction is not something you, or your loved one, should do alone.

What kind of help is available to me?

Proper care starts with a series of standardized steps. They have to be finished in an exact sequence. This way the drug-free detox program can properly remove all residual drugs from the body. It will also decrease the chance of relapse.

Treatments, like those offered at Narconon Vista Bay in California are uniquely designed. They are not invasive and offer continuing support. With the help of caring professionals you will gradually withdraw from the Oxycontin abuse. Before you know it, the psychological and physiological side effects will have disappeared. You will be able to return to a fulfilling and successful life.

What results can I expect?

Rehabilitation through an Oxycontin addiction treatment delivers unmatched results. It will let you achieve your life goals without drugs. If you need help, or have any questions, don’t hesitate to contact us today. We are here for you!

Licit Uses

Oxycodone is an effective analgesic for mild to moderate pain control, chronic pain syndromes, and for the treatment of terminal cancer pain. Five mg of oxycodone is equivalent to 30 mg of codeine when administered orally. Oxycodone and morphine are equipotent for pain control in the normal population; 10 mg of orally-administered oxycodone is equivalent to 10 mg of subcutaneously administered morphine. Oxycodone is considered to be similar to morphine, in all respects, including its abuse & dependence liabilties. Oxycodone in dosages of 5 to 10 mg in combination with acetaminophen or aspirin are abused orally. High dose single entity sustained release formulations containing 10 to 80 mg of oxycodone are abused by crushing or chewing the tablet and then swallowing, snorting or injecting the drug.

Chemistry/Pharmacology

Oxycodone [4,5a-epoxy-14-hydroxy-3-methoxy-17-methylmorphinan-6-one, dihydrohydroxycodeinone] is a semisynthetic opioid structurally related to codeine and is approximately equipotent to morphine in producing opiate-like effects. The first report that oxycodone, sold under the brand name Eukodal, produced a "striking euphoria" and habituation symptoms was published in Germany in the 1920's. While oxycodone is metabolized by the liver to oxymorphone, the physiological and behavioral effects are not related to, nor dependent on, the formation of this metabolic by-product.

Oxycodone will test positive for an opiate in the available field test kits.

Illicit Uses

Oxycodone is abused for its opiate-like effects. In addition to its equipotency to morphine in analgesic effects, it is also equipotent to morphine in relieving abstinence symptoms from chronic opiate (heroin, morphine) administration.For this reason, it is often used to alleviate or prevent the onset of opiate withdrawal by street users of heroin and methadone. In early studies by the Addiction Research Center in Lexington, Kentucky in the 1960's, it was discovered that the subjective and physiological effects of oxycodone were greater than an equivalent dose of morphine in opiate substance abusers. Many dosage forms are available. Oxycodone’s behavioral effects can last up to 5 hours. The drug is most often administered orally. The sustained-release formula has a longer duration of action (8-12 hours). A recent study comparing controlled released products containing oxycodone (Oxycontin) and morphine (MS Contin) reported that Oxycontin was twice as potent as MS Contin.

As with most opiates, the adverse effects of oxycodone abuse are dependence and tolerance development. Oxycodone’s co-formulation with acetaminophen has also increased the likelihood of acetaminophen-induced hepatic necrosis with chronic dosing. Its availability in sustained release formulations has increased the dosage forms from 10 to 160 mg per tablet making it more attractive than oxycodone to opiate abusers and doctor-shoppers. The original idea of polymer-formulations of oxycodone was to reduce the likelihood of misuse with high dose formulations. Opiate abusers quickly learned the ease of extraction of the molecule from the polymer formula and have been injecting or snorting the crushed and/or dissolved tablets because of its’ higher dosage formulations.

User Population

Narconon has witnessed that every age-group has been affected by the relative ease of oxycodone availability and the perceived safety of these products by professionals. Sometimes seen as a "white-collar" addiction, oxycodone abuse has increased among all ethnic and economic groups.

Oxycodone products are in Schedule II of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970.

More Information

You can find more information about Oxycontin treatment here: Narconon Oxycodone Rehab